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特朗普因濫用職權、妨礙國會調查遭彈劾

Trump Impeached for Abuse of Power and Obstruction of Congress
特朗普因濫用職權、妨礙國會調查遭彈劾

WASHINGTON — The House of Representatives on Wednesday impeached President Donald Trump for obstruction of Congress and abuse of power, making him the third president in history to be charged with committing high crimes and misdemeanors and face removal by the Senate.

華盛頓——周三,眾議院以妨礙國會調查和濫用職權為由彈劾總統唐納德·特朗普,使其成為美國歷史上第三位被控犯有嚴重罪行和不檢行為,面臨參議院罷免的總統。

On a day of constitutional consequence and raging partisan tension, the votes on the two articles of impeachment fell largely along party lines, after a bitter debate that reflected the deep polarization gripping American politics in the Trump era.

在一個具有憲法后果、黨派緊張氣氛加劇的日子里,激烈的辯論反映了特朗普時代美國政治深陷兩極分化,在辯論后,黨派對于兩項彈劾條款的投票涇渭分明。
 

周三,特朗普總統離開橢圓形辦公室前往密歇根州參加競選活動,當時眾議院正在就彈劾進行辯論。

All but two Democrats supported the article on abuse of power, which accused Trump of corruptly using the levers of government to solicit election assistance from Ukraine in the form of investigations to discredit his Democratic political rivals. Republicans were united in opposition. It passed 230-197, with Speaker Nancy Pelosi gaveling the vote to a close from the House rostrum.

除兩名民主黨人外,所有民主黨人士均支持有關濫用職權的條款,該條款指責特朗普以腐敗的方式利用政府籌碼,尋求烏克蘭政府的選舉援助,借助調查抹黑民主黨政治對手。共和黨人士聯手反對。它以230票贊成、197票反對通過,議長南希·佩洛西(Nancy Pelosi)在主席臺敲響議事槌,宣布投票結束。

On the second charge, obstruction of Congress, a third Democrat joined Republicans in opposition. The vote was 229-198.

對于第二項指控(即妨礙國會調查),又有一位民主黨人士加入了共和黨的反對陣營。投票結果為229票贊成、198票反對。

The vote set the stage for a historic trial beginning early next year in the Senate, which will have final say — 10 months before Trump faces reelection — on whether to acquit the 45th president or convict and remove him from office. Acquittal in the Republican-controlled chamber is likely, but the proceeding is certain to aggravate the political and cultural fault lines in the country that Trump’s presidency has brought into dramatic relief.

投票為明年初在參議院進行歷史性審判奠定了基礎,在特朗普競選連任的10個月前,審判將最終決定是否將第45任總統無罪釋放或定罪并免職。由共和黨控制的參議院可能宣判無罪釋放,但這一程序必定會惡化美國政治與文化的分歧,這種分歧在特朗普任內已被戲劇化放大。

On Wednesday, Democrats characterized his impeachment as an urgent action to stop a corrupt president whose misdeeds had unfolded in plain view from damaging the country any further.

周三,民主黨人士將他的彈劾定性為阻止腐敗的總統進一步損害國家的緊急行動,他的不當行為已被曝光。

“Over the course of the last three months, we have found incontrovertible evidence that President Trump abused his power by pressuring the newly elected president of Ukraine to announce an investigation into President Trump’s political rival,” said Rep. Adam B. Schiff, D-Calif., the Intelligence Committee chairman, who led the impeachment inquiry.

“在過去的三個月,我們發現了無可爭議的證據,表明特朗普總統濫用職權,向新當選的烏克蘭總統施壓,要求他宣布對特朗普總統的政治對手展開調查,”領導彈劾調查的加州民主黨眾議員、情報委員會主席亞當·B·希夫(Adam B. Schiff)說。

“The president and his men plot on,” Schiff said. “The danger persists. The risk is real. Our democracy is at peril.”

“總統及其下屬繼續密謀,”希夫說,“危險仍然存在。風險是真實的。我們的民主岌岌可危。”

Far from showing contrition or contemplating resignation, as his predecessors have done in the face of impeachment, Trump instead offered an indignant defense as the House weighed his fate, raging on Twitter from the White House.

特朗普并沒有像過去面臨彈劾的總統那樣表現出懊悔或打算辭職,而是在眾議院權衡他的命運時進行了憤怒的辯護,從白宮發推文表達怒火。

“SUCH ATROCIOUS LIES BY THE RADICAL LEFT, DO NOTHING DEMOCRATS,” the president wrote as the historic debate took place on the other end of Pennsylvania Avenue. “THIS IS AN ASSAULT ON AMERICA, AND AN ASSAULT ON THE REPUBLICAN PARTY!!!!”

“此類極左派窮兇極惡的謊言,一事無成的民主黨人,”正當歷史性的辯論在賓夕法尼亞大道的另一側進行時,總統寫道。“這是對美國的攻擊,也是對共和黨的攻擊?。。?!”

Regardless of the outcome of a Senate trial, the impeachment vote in the House puts an indelible stain on Trump’s presidency that cannot be wiped from the public consciousness with a barrage of tweets or an angry tirade in front of thousands of his cheering supporters at a campaign rally.

無論參議院審判的結果如何,眾議院的彈劾投票都給特朗普的任期留下了污點,它無法通過連珠炮式的推文或在競選活動上面對成千上萬歡呼的支持者發表長篇激烈的演說,將其從公眾的意識中抹去。
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